Madama Butterfly

The vocal score of Madama Butterfly appeared in several different editions in Puccini's lifetime, reflecting the substantial revisions made to the opera during its early history. The following libretti follow exactly the texts of those various editions of the vocal score, all prepared by Carlo Carignani and published by G. Ricordi & C. as noted. The associations of the editions with performances in the different venues is rather arbitrary: there is no way of establishing exactly what was sung at each performance, and early recordings suggest a continuing evolution which was only captured in part by the published editions.

contributed by Richard S Bogart and Mark D Lew

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Monday, 08-Dec-2003 21:36:56 PST